Entry Level Stewardship (ELS) Handbook 2013 (NE349)
UB17 Stone wall restoration 30 points per m

This option is only available on land within the SDAs.

This option aims to retain and enhance the pattern of enclosure by stone walls where it is a characteristic of the local landscape. It is available for walls that require major rebuilding, where sections of the wall are unstable and may collapse and/or where sections of the wall have slumped. Within field walls, such as sheep folds, are also eligible. You must have management control over both sides of the stone wall.

You can enter up to 40 m on your application form. This represents the annual commitment. Hence, if you enter 40 m on your application form, you will be required to complete 200 m over the full 5 years of your agreement (or 400 m if you have a 10-year Uplands ELS/HLS agreement).

You can complete the work ahead of schedule, but you must have completed at least as much as the annual commitment for each agreement year completed. Points earned will be based on the annual commitment, not the actual amount of work completed in any single year.

For example, where the annual commitment is 40 m
End of agreement year 1 2 3 4 5
Minimum total length restored 40 80 120 160 200
Maximum total length restored 200 200 200 200 200
Points earned 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200


Walls in this option may not be entered into options EB11 and UB11.

For this option, you must comply with the following:

  • Obtain current, dated photographs of the wall to be restored as evidence of its condition when you joined the scheme, retain these photographs and submit a copy with your application.
  • At the end of the agreement, there must be a complete wall in good condition.
  • Carry out all work in the traditional materials used in the original wall construction, following the style characteristic of the local landscape and using appropriately shaped and sized local natural stone, including coping and through stones where appropriate.
  • Dismantle existing structures by hand, back to sound construction with minimal disturbance to wildlife, in particular breeding and hibernating animals.
  • Copings, through stones and building stone, must be separated and sorted for re-use.
  • Foundation stones must not be disturbed unless it is necessary to create a firm base.
  • Existing wall-side trees can be maintained. Gaps in the wall to allow for tree growth are permitted and the gap made stock-proof with wooden rails.
  • Do not use soil or other debris to infill the wall.
  • Where the original stone is no longer available, or is not in good enough condition to be re-used, replacement stone must be sourced locally and must be of the type used in the local area. Stone must not be taken from other walls, hedgebanks or buildings.
  • Hauling stone should be done when ground conditions are firm enough to prevent soil damage.
  • No concrete is to be used. Mortar may be used when it is the traditional method of stone walling.
  • Stone features such as sheep creeps should be re-built into the wall where there is evidence that they previously occurred.
  • Where the restored wall is crossed by a public right of way, stiles and gates must be restored to their original form using traditional materials.
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