Entry Level Stewardship (ELS) Handbook 2013 (NE349)
ELS10_3_1

Section 3 - Option directory for ELS and Uplands ELS


All new text, including new options and changes to existing options, is highlighted in blue.

3.1 Introduction to compulsory requirements and options

To join ELS you must make a commitment to carry out certain environmental management options, on your eligible land, which you can choose from a wide-ranging menu. Each option is worth a certain number of points per unit of area (eg buffer strip options), length (eg hedge management options) or number (eg in-field tree options). If you agree to deliver enough ELS points on your ELS-eligible land to meet (or exceed) your points target, you will be guaranteed entry into the scheme.

Table 3 below is a list of all the ELS and Uplands ELS compulsory requirements and management options with their corresponding points allocations. This table includes icons which indicate which objective each option is a priority for (see below). Details about each requirement and option can be found in Sections 3.2 to 3.4 after the summary table.

Each requirement and option has a unique code. All the ELS codes start with an E (Uplands ELS options start with a U); the second letter denotes the land management type that the option belongs to, eg options for trees and woodland are given the letters EC (or UC).

Table 3 shows which options are a priority for the different ELS objectives (see Section 2 for more details) using a series of icons. The icons represent the objectives as follows:

 

Table 2 Priority, objectives and icons

Climate change adaptation Birds
Climate change mitigation Biodiversity (wildlife and upland birds)
Historic environment Water quality
Landscape Soil quality

 

Some options can only be applied on or across a limited area of land. This is known as an ‘Area Constraint’. If you fail to keep to the stated limits, you are liable to be penalised if you are inspected. The options that have Area Constraints are identified in Section 3.3, and you should read and understand all of the detailed management requirements for each option you select.

The Uplands ELS options are only available within the Severely Disadvantaged Area (SDA) as part of an Uplands ELS application. You may also use ELS options within the SDA where the relevant eligibility conditions are met. You must have either UX2 or UX3 on each land parcel within the SDA. You must also include UX1 where appropriate.

There are several new options in 2013. They have been added as part of the programme, Making Environmental Stewardship More Effective. They are highlighted in the table. Some of the existing options have also been amended as part of the programme.

 

Table 3 Summary table of ELS and Uplands ELS compulsory requirements, options and points

Code Option Unit Points Priority option for...
Compulsory requirements for ELS
EA1 Farm Environment Record
UPDATED in 2013
ha 1  
Compulsory requirements for SDA land in Uplands ELS
UX1 Moorland commons and shared grazing requirements ha 5 (£ per ha)  
UX2 Upland grassland and arable requirements ha 11  
UX3 Moorland requirements ha 15  
Options for ELS
B Options for boundary features
EB1 Hedgerow management for landscape (on both sides of a hedge)
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 16  
EB2 Hedgerow management for landscape (on one side of a hedge)
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 8  
EB3 Hedgerow management for landscape and wildlife
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 42
EB4 Stone-faced hedgebank management on both sides 100 m 16  
EB5 Stone-faced hedgebank management on one side 100 m 8  
EB6 Ditch management 100 m 24
EB7 Half ditch management 100 m 8
EB8 Combined hedge and ditch management (incorporating EB1 Hedgerow management for landscape)
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 38  
EB9 Combined hedge and ditch management (incorporating EB2 Hedgerow management for landscape) 100 m 26  
EB10 Combined hedge and ditch management (incorporating EB3 Hedgerow management for landscape and wildlife)
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 56
EB11 Stone wall protection and maintenance
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 15
EB12 Earth bank management on both sides
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 14  
EB13 Earth bank management on one side
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 7  
EB14 Hedgerow restoration
NEW in 2013
Please note this option is subject to approval by the European Commission
m 10
C Options for trees and woodland
EC1 Protection of in-field trees on arable land
UPDATED in 2013
tree 16  
EC2 Protection of in-field trees on grassland
UPDATED in 2013
tree 11
EC3 Maintenance of woodland fences 100 m 4
EC4 Management of woodland edges
UPDATED in 2013
ha 380
EC23 Establishment of hedgerow trees by tagging
UPDATED in 2013
tree 1
EC24 Hedgerow tree buffer strips on cultivated land ha 400
EC25 Hedgerow tree buffer strips on grassland ha 400
D Options for historic and landscape features
ED1 Maintenance of weatherproof traditional farm buildings
UPDATED in 2013
m2 2
ED2 Take out of cultivation archaeological features currently on cultivated land ha 460
ED3 Reduced-depth, non-inversion cultivation on archaeological features (minimum till) ha 60
ED4 Management of scrub on archaeological features ha 120
ED5 Management of archaeological features on grassland ha 16
E Options for buffer strips
EE1 2 m buffer strips on cultivated land
UPDATED in 2013
ha 255  
EE2 4 m buffer strips on cultivated land
UPDATED in 2013
ha 340  
EE3 6 m buffer strips on cultivated land
UPDATED in 2013
ha 340  
EE4 2 m buffer strips on intensive grassland
UPDATED in 2013
ha 255  
EE5 4 m buffer strips on intensive grassland
UPDATED in 2013
ha 340  
EE6 6 m buffer strips on intensive grassland
UPDATED in 2013
ha 340
EE7 Buffering in-field ponds in improved permanent grassland ha 400
EE8 Buffering in-field ponds in arable land ha 400
EE9 6 m buffer strips on cultivated land next to a watercourse
UPDATED in 2013
ha 400
EE10 6 m buffer strips on intensive grassland next to a watercourse
UPDATED in 2013
ha 400
EE12 Supplement to add wildflowers to field corners and buffer strips on cultivated land
NEW in 2013
Please note this option is subject to approval by the European Commission
ha 63
F Options for arable land
EF1 Management of field corners
UPDATED in 2013
ha 400
EF2 Wild bird seed mixture
UPDATED in 2013
ha 450
EF4 Nectar flower mixture
UPDATED in 2013
ha 450
EF6 Overwintered stubble
UPDATED in 2013
ha 120
EF7 Beetle banks ha 580
EF8 Skylark plots plot 5
EF9 Cereal headlands for birds
UPDATED in 2013
ha 100
EF10 Unharvested cereal headlands for birds and rare arable plants
UPDATED in 2013
ha 330
EF11 Uncropped cultivated margins for rare plants ha 400
EF13 Uncropped cultivated areas for ground-nesting birds on arable land ha 360
EF15 Reduced-herbicide cereal crops followed by overwintered stubble
 
ha 195
EF22 Extended overwintered stubble ha 410
EF23 Supplementary feeding in winter for farmland birds
NEW in 2013
Please note this option is subject to approval by the European Commission
tonne 630
G Options to encourage a range of crop types
EG1 Undersown spring cereals ha 200
EG4 Cereals for whole-crop silage followed by overwintered stubble
UPDATED in 2013
ha 230
J Options to protect soil and water
EJ2 Management of maize crops to reduce soil erosion ha 18
EJ5 In-field grass areas to prevent erosion and run-off
UPDATED in 2013
ha 454
EJ9 12 m buffer strips for watercourses on cultivated land
UPDATED in 2013
ha 400
EJ10 Enhanced management of maize crops to reduce soil erosion and run-off ha 94
EJ11 Maintenance of watercourse fencing 100 m 4
EJ13 Winter cover crops ha 65
K Options for grassland outside the Severely Disadvantaged Areas (SDAs)
EK1 Take field corners out of management ha 400
EK2 Permanent grassland with low inputs ha 85
EK3 Permanent grassland with very low inputs ha 150
EK4 Management of rush pastures ha 150
EK20 Ryegrass seed-set as winter/spring food for birds
NEW in 2013
Please note this option is subject to approval by the European Commission
ha 80
EK21 Legume- and herb-rich swards
NEW in 2013
Please note this option is subject to approval by the European Commission
ha 200
Option for mixed stocking on grassland
EK5 Mixed stocking ha 9  
L Options for grassland and moorland inside Severely Disadvantaged Areas (SDAs)
EL1 Take field corners out of management in SDAs ha 100
EL2 Permanent grassland with low inputs in SDAs ha 35  
EL3 Permanent grassland with very low inputs in SDAs ha 60
EL4 Management of rush pastures in SDAs ha 60
EL5 Enclosed rough grazing ha 35
EL6 Unenclosed moorland rough grazing ha 5
Options for Uplands ELS
UB Options for boundary features in the uplands
UB4 Stone-faced hedgebank management on both sides on or above the Moorland Line 100 m 24
UB5 Stone-faced hedgebank management on one side on or above the Moorland Line 100 m 12
UB11 Stone wall protection and maintenance on or above the Moorland Line
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 32
UB12 Earth bank management on both sides on or above the Moorland Line
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 18
UB13 Earth bank management on one side on or above the Moorland Line 100 m 9
UB15 Stone-faced hedgebank restoration m 55
UB16 Earth bank restoration m 12.5
UB17 Stone wall restoration m 30
UC Options for trees and woodlands in the uplands
UC5 Sheep fencing around small woodlands 100 m 50
UC22 Woodland livestock exclusion
UPDATED in 2013
ha 75
UD Options for historic and landscape features in the uplands
UD12 Maintenance of weatherproof traditional farm buildings in remote locations
UPDATED in 2013
m2 4
UD13 Maintaining visibility of archaeological features on moorland
UPDATED in 2013
feature 53
UJ Options to protect soils and water in the uplands
UJ3 Post and wire fencing along watercourses
UPDATED in 2013
100 m 50
UJ12 Winter livestock removal next to streams, rivers and lakes
UPDATED in 2013
ha 35
UL Options for upland grassland and moorland
UL17 No supplementary feeding on moorland
UPDATED in 2013
ha 4
UL18 Cattle grazing on upland grassland and moorland
UPDATED in 2013
ha 30
UL20 Haymaking
UPDATED in 2013
ha 60
UL21 No cutting strip within meadows
UPDATED in 2013
ha 250
UL22 Management of enclosed rough grazing for birds
UPDATED in 2013
ha 35
UL23 Management of upland grassland for birds
UPDATED in 2013
ha 37

 

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