ADLib Glossary (C)

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Catchment Sensitive Farming (CSF) Behaviours and Practices

Protecting Watercourses

Livestock Management

  • Reduce stocking densities
  • Reduce grazing intensity
  • Avoid poaching
  • Move feeders and troughs at regular intervals
  • Reduce N and P in livestock diets
  • Provide access to drinking water through pasture pumps and troughs

Manure Management

  • Adopt recognised manure management plan
  • Export surplus manure
  • Adopt batch storage of slurry and of solid manure
  • Compost solid manure
  • Change from slurry to solid manure handling system
  • Site solid manure heaps away from watercourses and field drains
  • Site solid manure heaps on concrete and collect the effluent
  • Do not apply manure to high risk areas
  • Do not spread farmyard manure, slurry or poultry manure to fields at high-risk times
  • Incorporate into soil quickly or inject
  • Test manure spreaders and re-calibrate as necessary

Nutrient Management

  • Adopt nutrient management plan
  • Use recognised fertiliser recommendation system
  • Test soils
  • Keep records of applications
  • Seek advice from FACTS qualified agronomists
  • Integrate fertiliser and manure supply
  • Do not apply P fertilisers to high P index soils
  • Do not apply fertiliser to high risk areas
  • Avoid spreading fertilisers at high risk times
  • Test manure spreaders and re-calibrate as necessary

Land use / Soil Management

  • Convert arable land to grassland
  • Adopt recognised soil management plan
  • Establish autumn cover crops
  • Cultivate in spring rather than autumn
  • Adopt minimal cultivation systems
  • Check for and deal with sub-surface capping and compaction
  • Cultivate and drill across the slope and along contours
  • Avoid winter tramlines
  • Leave autumn seedbeds rough
  • Establish in-field grass buffer strips
  • Reduce field size with new hedges and beetle banks
  • Introduce grass leys into arable rotations
  • Avoid high risk crops on high risk fields
  • Use forestry and set aside schemes to good effect

Crop Protection

  • Adopt recognised crop protection management plan 
  • Test sprayers 
  • Use registered operators 
  • Spray under optimum conditions 
  • Handle and dispose of pesticides responsibly


  • Adopt phase feeding of livestock
  • Maintain and enhance soil organic matter levels
  • Incinerate poultry litter
  • Relocate gates
  • Provide adequate slurry and manure storage
  • Separate clean from dirty water
  • Manage / treat dirty water
  • Allow field drainage to deteriorate
  • Establish wetland
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