ARCHIVE: Entry Level Stewardship Handbook 2005 (PB10355)
EL2 Manage permanent in-bye grassland with low inputs

Meadows and pastures managed with low inputs of fertiliser and sprays will sustain higher numbers of plants, butterflies and other insects than those subject to greater intensification.

This grassland has usually received regular but low levels of organic and/or inorganic fertiliser and may be drained. Most will contain some ryegrass and white clover. This offers the best protection for archaeological features and is an important part of the landscape character. In addition, the more extensively managed the grassland, the less the likelihood of run-off of nutrients into watercourses. This option can be used on a whole or part-field basis.

For this option you must:

  • Maintain as grass, do not plough or re-seed.
  • Do not apply more than 50 kg/ha nitrogen per year as inorganic fertiliser. Where animal manures are applied, either alone or in addition to inorganic fertiliser, the total rate of nitrogen must not exceed 100 kg/ha N per year (see appendix 2 for N conversion table). Do not apply between 1 April and 31 May. If your current manure or fertiliser regime is less than this you must not increase applications.
  • Do not cultivate.
  • Supplementary feeding is allowed, but move feeders as often as required to avoid excessive poaching and do not feed on or next to archaeological sites, steep slopes, footpaths or watercourses.
  • Manage by light grazing and/or cutting but do not cut or top between 1 April and 31 May.
  • Do not harrow or roll between 1 April and 31 May.
  • Apply herbicides only to spot treat or weed wipe for the control of injurious weeds (i.e. creeping or spear thistle, curled or broadleaved dock, or common ragwort), or invasive alien species (e.g. Himalayan balsam, rhododendron or Japanese knotweed).

EL2, 35 points per ha

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