ARCHIVE: Entry Level Stewardship Handbook 2005 (PB10355)
EK2 Permanent grassland with low inputs

Permanent grassland managed with low inputs of fertiliser and herbicides will sustain higher numbers of plants, butterflies and insects than those subject to greater intensification.

Permanent grassland is an important feature of pastoral landscapes and can help to protect buried archaeological features. In addition, the more extensively managed the grassland, the less the likelihood of run-off of nutrients into watercourses. This option can be used on a whole or part-field basis.

For this option you must:

  • Maintain as grass, do not plough or re-seed.
  • Do not apply more than 50 kg/ha nitrogen per year as inorganic fertiliser. Where animal manures are applied, either alone or in addition to inorganic fertiliser, the total rate of nitrogen must not exceed 100 kg/ha N per year. You may find it helpful to refer to the table in appendix 2 showing average total N supplied by various manures. Do not apply between 1 April and 31 May. If your current manure and fertiliser regime is less than this you must not increase applications.
  • Do not harrow or roll between 1 April and 31 May.
  • Supplementary feeding is allowed, but move feeders as often as required to avoid poaching and do not feed on or next to archaeological sites, steep slopes, footpaths or watercourses.
  • Manage by grazing and/or cutting, but do not cut between 1 April and 31 May.
  • Apply herbicides only to spot treat or weed wipe for the control of injurious weeds (i.e. creeping or spear thistle, curled or broadleaved dock, or common ragwort), or invasive alien species (e.g. Himalayan balsam, rhododendron or Japanese knotweed).

EK2, 85 points per ha

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