ARCHIVE: Air Code - The 1998 Code of Good Agricultural Practice for the Protection of Air (PB0618)

ARCHIVE: The 1998 Code of Good Agricultural Practice for the Protection of Air

PB0618
1998
 

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Note: This code has now been replaced by the combined
Water, Soil and Air Code 2009

Contents

Summary 

PART A - General Information

1. Introduction

About this Code
Air pollution problems
Advice

2. Legislation

Air pollution: general
Planning consents
Dark smoke
Smoke control areas
Prescribed processes
Waste management licensing

PART B - Odours

3. General Principles

Introduction
Causes of odour problems
Minimising odours by good agricultural practice

4. Minimising Odours from Land Spreading of Livestock Wastes

Introduction
Precautions when spreading manure and slurry
Precautions when spreading sewage sludge
Choosing slurry spreading equipment
Irrigation of liquid wastes
Spreading of solid manures

5. Minimising Odours from Housed Livestock Systems

Introduction
Livestock buildings
Management
Ventilation
Open concrete areas
Carcases
Cattle
Pigs
Solid manure systems
Slurry systems
Poultry
Caged laying birds
Deep litter systems
Feeding and food stores
Swill
Silage

6. Minimising Odours from Stored Slurry and Manure

Introduction
Solid manure storage
Storage of slurry and dilute effluents
Storage of poultry manure

7. Treating Livestock Wastes to Reduce Odour

Introduction
Mechanical slurry separations
Biological treatment of slurry
General principles
Aerobic treatment (aeration)
Anaerobic digestion
Biological treatment of Manure
Composting
Biological treatment of odourous air
Exhaust air from livestock buildings
Treating odours by addatives and other methods

8. Producing Compost for Mushrooms

Introduction
Laws
Good practice

9. Siting of Livestock Buildings, Manure and Slurry Stores

Introduction
Factors affecting odour problems
Siting of existing livestock units
Siting new livestock units

PART C - Ammonia

10. Ammonia

Introduction
Ammonia emissions
Reducing ammonia losses from manures and slurries
Animal diets
Housing
Stores
Application of manures and slurries to land
Slurries
Solid manures

PART D - Smoke Pollution

11. General Principles

12. Reducing the Volumes of Waste Materials for Disposal

Reducing waste
Recycling
Ease of disposal

13. Plastic Materials

Introduction
Repeated use of plastics
Alternative uses
Recycling
Choosing materials
Containers contaminated with pesticides

14. Tyres and Rubber

Dark smoke risk
Disposal off the farm

15. Waste Oils

Sources
Recycling
Waste oil burners

16. Animal Carcasses

Introduction
Notifiable diseases
Incineration
Open burning

17. Fuels Produced on the Farm

Introduction
Straw and wood as fuel
Choosing equipment
Using and maintaining equipment
Using litter from poultry and other animals as a fuel

18. Other Waste Materials

Introduction
Crop residues
Wood waste
Paper sacks and other packaging
Litter from poultry and other animals

19. Burning in the Open

Good practice
Safety precautions

PART E - Greenhouse Gases

20. Greenhouse Gases

Introduction
The greenhouse gases
Reducing emissions
Carbon dioxide
Methane
Nitrous oxide
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's)
Halons

Appendices

  1. Environment Agency: Contact details
  2. Sources of information

Legislation: general and odours
Legislation: smoke pollution
Codes of Practice
Welfare Codes
Greenhouse gases
Other publications


© Crown Copyright, MAFF 1998. Reproduced for ADLib under Licence.

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