Cross Compliance: Guide to Cross Compliance in England 2015 (GCCE 2015 v1)

Appendix for Wild birds (SMR 2)


Applicable from 01/01/2012

Birds which you must not intentionally or recklessly disturb while nesting

(The table below applies to Great Britain.)

At all times
Common name Scientific name
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Bee-eater Merops apiaster
Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Bittern, Little Ixobrychus minutus
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Bunting, Cirl Emberiza cirlus
Bunting, Lapland Calcarius lapponicus
Bunting, Snow Plectrophenax nivalis
Buzzard, Honey Pernis apivorus
Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Corncrake Crex crex
Crake, Spotted Porzana porzana
Crossbills (all species) Loxia
Curlew, Stone Burhinus oedicnemus
Divers (all species) Gavia
Dotterel Charadrius morinellus
Duck, Long-tailed Clangula hyemalis
Eagle, Golden Aquila chrysaetos
Eagle, White-tailed Haliaetus albicilla
Falcon, Gyr Falco rusticolus
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Firecrest Regulus ignicapillus
Garganey Anas querquedula
Godwit, Black-tailed Limosa limosa
Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Grebe, Black-necked Podiceps nigricollis
Grebe, Slavonian Podiceps auritus
Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Gull, Little Larus minutus
Gull, Mediterranean Larus melanocephalus
Harriers (all species) Circus
Heron, Purple Ardea purpurea
Hobby Falco subbuteo
Hoopoe Upupa epops
Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Kite, Red Milvus milvus
Merlin Falco columbarius
Oriole, Golden Oriolus oriolus
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Owl, Barn Tyto alba
Owl, Snowy Nyctea scandiaca
Peregrine Falco peregrinus
Petrel, Leach’s Oceanodroma leucorhoa
Phalarope, Red-necked Phalaropus lobatus
Plover, Kentish Charadrius alexandrinus
Plover, Little Ringed Charadrius dubius
Quail, Common Coturnix coturnix
Redstart, Black Phoenicurus ochruros
Redwing Turdus iliacus
Rosefinch, Scarlet Carpodacus erythrinus
Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Sandpiper, Green Tringa ochropus
Sandpiper, Purple Calidris maritima
Sandpiper, Wood Tringa glareola
Scaup Aythya marila
Scoter, Common Melanitta nigra
Scoter, Velvet Melanitta fusca
Serin Serinus serinus
Shorelark Eremophila alpestris
Shrike, Red-backed Lanius collurio
Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Stilt, Black-winged Himantopus himantopus
Stint, Temminck’s Calidris temminckii
Swan, Bewick’s Cygnus bewickii
Swan, Whooper Cygnus cygnus
Tern, Black Chlidonias niger
Tern, Little Sterna albifrons
Tern, Roseate Sterna dougallii
Tit, Bearded Panurus biarmicus
Tit, Crested Parus cristatus
Treecreeper, Short-toed Certhia brachydactyla
Warbler, Cetti’s Cettia cetti
Warbler, Dartford Sylvia undata
Warbler, Marsh Acrocephalus palustris
Warbler, Savi’s Locustella luscinioides
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Woodlark Lullula arborea
Wryneck Jynx torquilla
During the close season
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula
Goose, Greylag (in Outer Hebrides, Caithness, Sutherland and Wester Ross only) Anser anser
Pintail Anas acuta

NB. The common name(s) given in the first column are included by way of guidance only; in the event of any
dispute or proceedings, the common name(s) shall not be taken into account.

Huntable birds and their close season
Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981
Common name Scientific name Close season (Dates inclusive – cannot be shot on the dates shown)
Capercaille (Scotland only) Tetrao urogallus 1 Feb – 30 Sep
Coot Fulica atra 1 Feb – 31 Aug
Tufted duck Aythya fuligula 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Gadwall Anas strepera 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Goldeneye Bucephala clangula 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Canada goose Branta canadensis 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Greylag goose Anser anser 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Pink-footed goose Anser brachyrhynchus 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
White-fronted goose Anser albifrons 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Moorhen Gallinula chloropus 1 Feb – 31 Aug
Pintail Anas acuta 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Golden plover Pluvialis apricaria 1 Feb – 31 Aug
Pochard Aythya ferina 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Shoveler Anas clypeata 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Common snipe Gallinago gallinago 1 Feb – 11 Aug
Teal Anas crecca 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Wigeon Anas penelope 1 Feb – 31 Aug*
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola 1 Feb – 30 Sep
* The close season for wild duck and geese in any area below high water mark is 21 Feb -31 Aug dates inclusive.
Under section 2(3) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, shooting of the birds listed in the table above is not permitted on Sundays in Cornwall, Devon, Isle of Ely, Norfolk, Somerset, York North Riding, York West Riding, Doncaster, Great Yarmouth and Leeds.
Game Act 1831
Game may not be killed or taken on a Sunday or Christmas Day. Additionally, close seasons apply for the following birds.
Common name Scientific name Close Season (Dates Exclusive – can be shot dates shown)
Grouse/red grouse Lagopus lagopus scoticus 10 Dec – 12 Aug
Black game/black grouse Tetrao urogallus 10 Dec – 20 Aug
(Somerset, Devon and New Forest)
10 Dec – 1 Sept
Pheasant (including common pheasant, golden pheasant, Lady Amherst’s pheasant, Reeves' pheasant and silver pheasant) Phasianus colchicus, Chrysolophus pictus, Chrysolophus amherstiae, Syrmaticus reevesii, Lophura nycthemera 1 Feb – 1 Oct
Partridge (grey partridge, red-legged partridge) Perdix perdix, Alectoris rufa 1 Feb – 1 Sept
While a close seas on is established for Bustards under the Game Act 1831, this species is protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, with the result that it may not be killed or taken at any time.
NB. The common name(s) given in the first column are included by way of guidance only; in the event of any dispute or proceedings, the common name(s) shall not be taken into account.
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