Beneficials on farmland: identification and management guidelines (HGCA Summer 2008)

Further information

HGCA publications (all available from

Arable cropping and the environment – a guide (2002)

Pest management in cereals and oilseed rape – a guide (2003)

Field margins – guidelines for Entry Level stewardship in England (2005)

Orange wheat blossom midge – assessment and control (2005)

Enhancing Arable Biodiversity: Six practical solutions for farmers to enhance arable biodiversity, SAFFIE/HGCA (2007)

Topic Sheet 87 (2005) Controlling gout fly on wheat

Topic Sheet 98 (2007) Revised thresholds for economic cabbage stem flea beetle control

Topic Sheet 99 (2007) Predicting and controlling wheat bulb fly

Information Sheet 01 (2007) Controlling pollen beetle and combating insecticide resistance in oilseed rape

Project Report 173 (2004) LINK Integrated Farming Systems (a field-scale comparison of arable rotations), Volume I: Experimental work; Volume II: The economic evaluation of input decisions

Project Report 356 (2004) Managing biodiversity in field margins to enhance integrated pest control in arable crops (3-D Farming Project)

Project Report 416 (2007) The SAFFIE (Sustainable Arable Farming For an Improved Environment) project report Research Review 64 (2007) Importance of arthropod pests and their natural enemies in relation to recent farming practice changes in the UK

Insect identification and biology

Habitat management for invertebrates (1992) (JNCC) by Peter Kirby

Insects of Britain and Northern Europe (1993) (Collins Field Guide) by Michael Chinery

Field Studies Council publications

Online key to insect orders

Kennedy, CEJ and Southwood, TRE (1984) The number of species of insects associated with British trees: a re-analysis. J. Animal Ecology 53:455-478

Insects and habitat management


Butterfly Conservation

Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust

Royal Entomological Society

The Amateur Entomologists’ Society

Agri-environment schemes

Department for Food Environment and Rural Affairs

Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Northern Ireland

The Scottish Government

Welsh Assembly Government


This guide was funded by HGCA as a knowledge transfer project. It was written by Dr John Holland, Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust; and Dr Steve Ellis, ADAS.

HGCA is grateful to many experts who have commented on draft versions of the guide, including:

James Clarke, ADAS; Dr Keith Walters, CSL; Dr David Cooper and Richard Brand-Harvey, Defra; Dr Andy Leader and David Roberts, Dow AgroSciences; Steve Moreby and Peter Thompson, Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust; Patrick Goldsworthy, Goldsworthy Associates; Prof Graham Jellis and Dr Clare Kelly, HGCA; Dr Nigel Chadwick and Dr David Richardson, HSE/PSD; Guy Gagen and Julian Hasler, NFU; Dr Richard Harrington and Prof Wilf Powell, Rothamsted Research; Ian Stott, Syngenta;

Edited by Dr Clive Edwards, HGCA and Geoff Dodgson, Chamberlain.

Design: Chamberlain.

Illustrations: Tebbit Design.

Photographs: ADAS, Nicholas Aebischer, Roy Anderson, Tristan Bantock, Toby Barton, Tom Birkett, John Holland, Jon Oakley, Rothamsted Research, Peter Thompson.

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