Ducks (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock (PB0079)


(1) Training courses which follow the Code recommendations are arranged for stockmen at the Agriculture Training Board, Agriculture Colleges and local educational authorities. Proficiency testing in relevant subjects is carried out in England and Wales by the National Proficiency Test Council, and in Scotland by the Scottish Association of Young Farmers' Clubs.

(2) The Slaughter of Poultry Act 1967, as amended by the Animal Health and Welfare Act 1984 , lays down provisions concerning the welfare of poultry at the time of slaughter wherever it takes place. More detailed provisions concerning the slaughter of poultry for a commercial purpose are laid down in the Slaughter of Poultry (Humane Conditions) Regulations 1984 (SI 1984 No 2056).

(3) The Health and Safety Executive recommends that, for human safety, the following gas levels should not be exceeded.

Name of gas Long term exposure
limit (ppm)
(8 hour day)
Short term exposure
limit (ppm)
(10 minutes)




Carbon Monoxide



Carbon Dioxide



Hydrogen Sulphide



(4) The Welfare of Livestock (Intensive Units) Regulations 1978 (SI 1978 No 1800) requires stock keepers of intensive units to inspect their livestock and the equipment upon which such stock depend at least once daily.

(5) Any installations or extension involving mains electricity should comply with the Regulations for the Electrical Equipment of Buildings issued by the Institute of Electrical Engineers.

(6) The Welfare of Livestock (Prohibited Operations) Regulations 1982 (SI 1982 No 1884) prohibit operations on birds (other than feather clipping) to impede their flight and the surgical castration of male birds.

(7) Regulations for the protection of poultry when being carried by water, rail or road, or exposed for sale, are contained in the Conveyance of Live Poultry Order 1919 (SI 1919 No 10091), the Poultry (Exposure for Sale) Order 1937 (SI 1937 No 5494) and the Transit of Animals (General) Order 1973 (SI 1973 No 1377). The recommendations made in this Section of the Code relate to handling and transport operations which are not covered by those Orders.

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