Ducks (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock (PB0079)

Feed and water

38. Birds should have easy access to adequate fresh feed each day, and have fresh water at all times. Care should be taken at any change of system to ensure that the birds find the feed and water points. Consideration should be given to the provision of water troughs which are deep enough to allow the ducks to get their heads completely under water.
39. Whatever feeding and drinking system is used sufficient trough space for feeding and drinking should be provided to prevent undue competition for feed or water. As a guide the minimum trough space per 100 ducks should be:

Age Feeding Space Drinking space
Day-old chicks to 8 weeks 0.5 m 0.5 m
8 weeks and over 0.6 m 0.6 m

40. Stale or contaminated feed or water should not be allowed to accumulate and should be replaced immediately. Efforts should be made to minimise the risk of drinking water freezing.

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