Ponds, Pools and Lochans

3.10 Sources of biological data on ponds, pools and lochans in Scotland


A range of information is available from existing biological surveys on small water bodies in Scotland. These data sources are briefly summarised below.

Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) botanical survey of Scottish freshwater lochs

The SNH botanical survey of Scottish lochs was undertaken between 1983 and 1998. Location, geological and other background data are held for all standing freshwaters recorded on OS 1:50,000 scale maps in Scotland (approximately 27,000 sites). Approximately 3500 of these were surveyed for their aquatic macrophytes of which several hundred were small waterbodies down to 0.1 ha in area. All data are held by SNH in a relational database which can be used to generate maps on a Geographic Information System (GIS).

Operation Brightwater Central Region Loch and Pond Survey

The Operation Brightwater survey of Central Region lochs and ponds was carried out between 1990 and 1992. Counts of ponds shown on 1:50,000 scale maps were made and detailed surveys undertaken at 30 sites. Plant and invertebrate survey methods followed those of the National Pond Survey (Lassiere, 1993).

National Amphibian Survey data from Scotland and on-going recording by members of the Herpetofauna Groups of Britain and Ireland (HGBI).

Amphibian data were collected from a range of sites throughout Scotland for the National Amphibian Survey which ran from 1988 to 1990 (Swan and Oldham, 1989, 1992). Data is held by JNCC at Peterborough. Survey work is also being undertaken by members of the Herpetofauna Groups of Britain and Ireland (HGBI) at various sites in Scotland. HGBI contacts are available from Froglife (see Appendix 1).

National Pond Survey

National Pond Survey data collected by Pond Action is available from approximately 30 minimally impaired reference ponds throughout Scotland, and from a further 10 partially degraded sites. NPS data will be publicly accessible through the National Ponds Database on the Internet (see below).

Biological Records Centres and BRISC (Biological Recording in Scotland Campaign)

Local Biological Records Centres hold data relevant to ponds and other small water bodies throughout Scotland. Contact local records centres for more information. Biological recording in Scotland is currently being coordinated through the BRISC project.

Balfour-Browne Club water beetle collections

Members of the Balfour-Browne Club have made collections of water beetles at a large number of sites in Scotland. Results of surveys are available in Foster and Eyre (1992).

National Ponds Database

Pond Action, in collaboration with a wide range of other organisations, is currently developing a National Ponds Database which will make pond data accessible over the Internet. The project is funded by WWF-UK. The project is currently establishing a Phase 1 database at www.brookes.ac.uk/pondaction. Contact points for each of the organisations mentioned in this section are given in Appendix 1.

Ponds_fig16.jpg (8408 bytes)

Figure 16. The Scottish Natural Heritage botanical survey of Scottish freshwater lochs includes plant survey data from many small waterbodies between 1 - 2 ha. SEPA.

 

Contact points for each of the organisations mentioned in this section are given in Appendix 1.

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