Ponds, Pools and Lochans

Executive Summary


This guide provides best practice guidance on the management of ponds, pools and lochans in Scotland (man-made and natural waterbodies up to 2 hectares (ha) in area). Collectively, small water bodies represent about 95% of all discrete standing waters in Scotland and are an important ecological, heritage and amenity resource.

The guide has five main sections dealing with:

  • general background information about ponds and pools in Scotland, including information on numbers, status, threats and legislation;
  • assessment of the ecological, historical, archaeological and amenity value of small water bodies;
  • pond management and
  • design of new ponds.
  • A special section is also included on the design of ponds in Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS).

The guide is intended for statutory environmental agencies and environmental NGOs, farmers and landowners, local authority engineers and planners, developers, environmental consultants and landscape architects. Local action groups and members of the public may also find the guide useful.

Scottish Environment Protection Agency

The Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) aims to provide an efficient and integrated environmental protection system for Scotland, which will both improve the environment and contribute to the Governments goal of sustainable development. The Habitat Enhancement Initiative (HEI) has been developed to focus on SEPAs duty to promote the conservation of habitats and the wildlife dependent upon them and therefore recognises the importance of small waterbodies in Scotland. HEI aims to help secure measurable improvement in the way in which aquatic and riparian habitats are managed.

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