Managing Livestock Manures 4: Managing Manure on Organic Farms

Regulations affecting manure management on organic holdings


Organic Certification

The EU Regulation for Organic Production (2092/91) and Livestock (No. 1804/1999) sets down in law that producers must meet standards of production to be classified as organic. UKROFS (The United Kingdom Register of Organic Food Standards) has set production standards in the UK to meet the EU regulations and licenses five bodies that operate primarily in England and Wales to carry out producer inspections and certifications. These bodies are (contact details in Appendix I):

  • Demeter Symbol Scheme (Bio-dynamic Agricultural Association, BDAA)
  • Soil Association Certification Ltd (SACert)
  • Organic Farmers and Growers Ltd (OFG)
  • Organic Food Federation (OFF)
  • CMi Certification.

SOPA (Scottish Organic Producer Association), IOFGA (Irish Organic Farmers and Growers Association) and the Organic Trust operate in Scotland and Northern Ireland/Eire, respectively. The licensed bodies either adopt the UKROFS Standards unchanged or introduce additional standards. An organic farmer must register with one of these bodies or with UKROFS. The Sector Body is then responsible for inspecting the holding and awarding their organic status if approved.

Organic Livestock Standards

EU Organic Livestock Regulation (No. 1804/1999) came into force in 2000. There is a maximum annual loading of 170 kg N/ha from animal manure (including that from the grazing animal). This limit is an annual average over the whole organic unit. Certifying bodies may also have restrictions on timing of applications, as well as other manure management aspects.

Although guidance in this booklet is considered best practice, if considering any significant change in manure management, always consult your Sector Body.

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