British Standards Relevant to Agriculture

British Standard Summaries

BS5502: Part 65: 1992
Building and Structures for Agriculture.
Design & Construction of Buildings for Crop Processing.

The text herein is not a a full reproduction of the British Standard. It is summary based upon interpretation of the original text and not intended as a replacement for the full text. It should be used for general guidance only.

BS5502 is sub-divided into a number of individual standards. These can be broadly broken down as follows:

  • Part 0: Introduction
  • Parts 10 - 19: Reference information
  • Parts 20 - 39: General designs
  • Parts 40 - 59: Livestock buildings
  • Parts 60 - 79: Crop buildings
  • Parts 80 - 99: Ancillary buildings

This part of BS5502 gives recommendations for the design and construction of buildings used for the processing and packaging of horticultural produce.


  • Consideration should be given to the siting of the building. In particular areas prone to flooding should be avoided. Access for large vehicles, proximity of major roads, waste management, the location of services and potential for future expansion also need consideration.
  • High standards of hygiene and cleanliness will be required. Construction materials and design should be chosen with this in mind.
  • Segregation will be required between the dirty 'crop in' areas and clean 'produce out' areas.
  • Provisions will be required for washing, drying, inspections, grading, processing, weighing, labelling, storage and despatch.
  • In addition provisions may be required for container assembly, packaging, waste management, effluent management and staff facilities.
  • Consideration must be given to all the appropriate legislation e.g. BS5502:11.
  • Buildings, structure, walls and floors should be capable of handling the maximum potential loadings.
  • Surface should be continuous, sealed at all junctions, non-reflecting and of a light colour.
  • Windows and doors should be bird, pest and vermin protected.
  • Size and layout will be determined by the enterprise nature and scale.
  • Staff facilities may include: changing rooms, sanitary installations, mess room, catering provision and offices.


  • Environmental conditions within buildings will be determined by the operation.
  • Temperature of the areas where staff are working should be at a minimum 16 deg C to be comfortable.
  • Electicity services will be required.
  • Ventilation will be required.
  • Good lighting will be requried especially where crop or produce is inspected.
  • Water supplies and drainage facilities will be required.
  • Protection against infestations will be necessary in accordance with BS5502:30.
  • Fire precautions will be required in accordance with BS5502:23.

A British Standard nor this summary does not, necessarily, include all the necessary information for correct implementation of the Standard to any specific application. This is purely the responsibility of the user. Standards are updated by either amendment or revision. Users should ensure that they are using the latest version.

The full text of this Standard can be obtained from the British Standard Institution

ADLib logo Content provided by the Agricultural Document Library
© University of Hertfordshire, 2011