ADLib Glossary (S)

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Sustainability

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture is a globally set goal to increase food production in a sustainable way and to enhance food security. Major adjustments are required in agricultural and environmental policy to create the conditions for sustainable agriculture and its development. The UN Rio summit recognised this need within Agenda 21. It highlights concerns over the need to meet food requirements of an increasing global population from a land resource base which is slowly losing its capacity to grow food. Soil erosion, salination and loss of soil fertility are increasing world wide. The problems are also enhanced by the increasing dependence of some farming systems on artificial inputs such as man-made fertilisers, pesticides and fossil fuels.

Sustainable agricultural development conserves land, water and plant and animal genetic resources. It is also environmentally non-degrading, technically appropriate, economically viable and socially acceptable.

Sustainable Development

Development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the abilities of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development considers the economic, soicial and environmental aspects of development.

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