Pigs (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock: Pigs (PB7950)

Section 2 - Specific recommendations

Weaners and rearing pigs

The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003 No. 299), Schedule 6, Part VI, paragraph 52 states:

The unobstructed floor area available to each weaner or rearing pig reared in a group shall be at least -

(a) 0.15 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is 10 kg or less;

(b) 0.20 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is more than 10 kg but less than or equal to 20 kg;

(c) 0.30 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is more than 20 kg but less than or equal to 30 kg;

(d) 0.40 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is more than 30 kg but less than or equal to 50 kg;

(e) 0.55 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is more than 50 kg but less than or equal to 85 kg;

(f) 0.65 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is more than 85 kg but less than or equal to 110 kg;

(g) 1.00 m2 for each pig where the average weight of the pigs in the group is more than 110 kg.

 

100. The figures in the box above are minimum requirements, the type of housing and its management may mean that greater space allowances are necessary. The total floor space should be adequate for sleeping, feeding and exercising. The lying area, excluding the dunging and exercise areas, should be of sufficient size to allow all the pigs to lie down on their sides at the same time.
The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003 No. 299), Schedule 6, Part VI, paragraphs 48 to 51 state:
  1. Pigs shall be placed in groups as soon as possible after weaning. They shall be kept in stable groups with as little mixing as possible.
  2. If pigs unfamiliar with one another have to be mixed, this should be done at as young an age as possible, preferably before or up to one week after weaning. When pigs are mixed they shall be provided with adequate opportunities to escape and hide from other pigs.
  3. The use of tranquillising medication in order to facilitate mixing shall be limited to exceptional conditions and only after consultation with a veterinary surgeon.
  4. When signs of severe fighting appear, the causes shall be immediately investigated and appropriate measures shall be taken.
101. The figures in the box above are minimum requirements, the type of housing and its management may mean that greater space allowances are necessary. The total floor space should be adequate for sleeping, feeding and exercising. The lying area, excluding the dunging and exercise areas, should be of sufficient size to allow all the pigs to lie down on their sides at the same time.
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