Pigs (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock: Pigs (PB7950)

Section 1 - Accommodation


Floors

The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003 No. 299), Schedule 6, Part II, paragraphs 12 and 13 state that:
  1. Where pigs are kept in a building, floors shall -

         (a) be smooth but not slippery so as to prevent injury to the pigs;

         (b) be so designed, constructed and maintained as not to cause injury or suffering to pigs standing or lying on them;

         (c) be suitable for the size and weight of the pigs; and

         (d) where no litter is provided, form a rigid, even and stable surface.
  2. When concrete slatted floors are used for pigs kept in groups, the maximum width of the openings must be:

         (a) 11 mm for piglets;

         (b) 14 mm for weaners;

         (c) 18 mm for rearing pigs;

         (d) 20 mm for gilts after service and sows.

         The minimum slat width must be:

         (e) 50 mm for piglets and weaners;

         (f) 80 mm for rearing pigs, gilts after service and sows.
50. Good floor design and adequate maintenance is essential. Poorly constructed floors, slats that are not properly matched to the weight/size of pig and surfaces that are worn and/or damaged, can cause injury to the feet and legs of pigs. Excessive gaps should be avoided as they can trap the feet/claws and may cause physical damage. Damaged floors must be repaired immediately.
The Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003 No. 299), Schedule 6, Part II, paragraph 11 requires:

Where bedding is provided, this must be clean, dry and not harmful to the pigs.

51. The lying area should always be kept dry and pen floors, including the dunging area, should be drained effectively. Where bedding is provided, this must be clean and dry, regularly topped up or changed, and not detrimental to the health of the pigs.
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