Domestic Fowls (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock (PB0076)

5. Housing

Mechanical equipment and services

  1. All equipment and services including feed hoppers, drinkers, ventilation fans, heating and lighting units, fire extinguishers and alarm systems should be cleaned and kept in good working order (see note 4). All automated equipment should incorporate a fail-safe device maintained in working order and, where the birds welfare is dependant upon such equipment, an alarm system to warn the stockman of failure. Defects should be rectified immediately or other measures taken to safeguard the health and welfare of the birds. Alternative ways of feeding and of maintaining a satisfactory environment should therefore be ready for use. All equipment should be constructed and maintained in such a way as to avoid subjecting the birds to excessive noise.
  2. All electrical installations at mains voltage should be inaccessible to the birds and properly earthed (see note 5).


  1. The Welfare of Battery Hens Regulations 1987 (SI 1987 No. 2020) requires the laying hens and all automatic and mechanical equipment upon which such stock depend to be thoroughly inspected at least once daily.
  2. Any installations or extensions involving electricity should comply with the Regulations for the Electrical Equipment of Buildings issued by the Institution of Electrical Engineers.
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