Waste Framework Directive (1975/442, 1991/156 & 2000/60)

Title: The Waste Framework Directive

Category: EU Directive

Date: 1975 amended 1991

References: 75/442/EEC [Full text], 91/156/EEC [Full text]

General Description:

The Waste Framework Directive incorporates the Polluter Pays Principle along with the waste hierarchy. Article 4 of the Directive is pertinent to the landspreading of wastes and includes the following statement:

Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that waste is recovered or disposed of without endangering human health and without processes or methods which could harm the environment, and in particular without:

  • risk to water, air, soil, pants and animals;
  • causing nuisance through noise or odours; and
  • adversely affecting the countryside or places of special interest.

Annex 11B of the amendment (91/15/EEC) lists practices and operations which may be used to recover wastes and this list includes spreading to land if it benefits agriculture or ecological improvement. This is taken to include composting and other biological practices but there are exclusions such as animal carcasses and faecal matter (see Article 2 (1) b).

This Directive was implemented in the UK by the Environmental Protection Act 1990 and the Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994.

Pertinence to Agriculture: Waste, Waste to Land

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