Pollution Prevention and Control Act

Applies to EnglandApplies to WalesApplies to Scotland

Title: Pollution Prevention and Control Act

Category: England, Wales and Scotland Act

Date: 1999

Reference: 1999 Chapter 24 [Full text]

General Description:

Sections 1 and 2 of the Act confer on the Secretary of State power to make regulations providing for a new pollution control system to meet the requirements of European Council Directive 96/61/EC on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (the "IPPC Directive") and for other measures to prevent and control pollution. It is intended that, generally, these regulation making powers will be transferred to the National Assembly for Wales in so far as they are exercisable in relation to Wales, and to the Scottish Executive in so far as exercisable in or as regards Scotland.

4. Section 3 of the Act enables the Secretary of State to make regulations conferring powers to prevent pollution following an accident involving an offshore installation. Section 4 addresses a problem arising under the transitional provisions in Part II of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (the "1990 Act") by removing time limits applying to waste disposal licences inherited from the regime under the Control of Pollution Act 1974. Amongst other things, this means that holders of such licences will not be able to walk away from their waste disposal sites until it is shown that the site is unlikely to cause pollution of the environment or harm to human health.

In summary Part 1 of the EPA 1990 provides for Integrated Pollution Control (IPC) and for the regulation of less complex polluting processes by local authorities through Local Air Pollution Control (LAPC). The 1999 Pollution Prevention and Control Act amends the EPA to apply Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) as defined by EC Directive 96/61. The main concerns are permits and control of emissions for a list of polluting industries. IPPC aims to get the best technical option to prevent emissions to air, water and ground.

Pertinence to Agriculture: Pollution Control

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