Regulation on the Production and Labelling of Organic Products (as amended) (2092/1991)

Title: Regulation on the Production & Labelling of Organic Products (as amended)

Category: EU Regulation

Date: 1991 (amended 1992, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997)

References: 2092/91/EEC [Full text] (1535/92 [Full text], 2083/92 [Full text], 3457/92 [Full text not available], 3713/92 [Full text], 207/93 [Full text], 2608/93 [Full text], 94/C241/08 [Full text not available], 468/94 [Full text], 2381/94 [Full text], 529/95 [Full text], 1201/95 [Full text], 1202/95 [Full text], 1935/95 [Full text], 418/96 [Full text], 1488/97 [Full text], 1900/98 [Full text], 330/99 [Full text], 1804/99, 331/2000 [Full text], 1073/2000 [Full text], 1437/2000 [Full text], 2020/2000 [Full text], 436/2001 [Full text], 2491/2001 [Full text], 473/2002 [Full text], 223/2003 [Full text], 599/2003 [Full text])

These regulations are frequently amended. It is recommended that the latest version is consulted.

General Description:

This regulation applies to unprocessed agricultural crop products and to products meant for human consumption which are made from one or more ingredients of plant origin. It also introduces rules on the production, inspection and labelling of these products.

The Regulations did not originally cover animal production, unprocessed animal products and products meant for human consumption which are made from one or more ingredients of animal origin. However, these have been added by the Regulations for Organic Livestock Productions 1999.

The Regulation requires producers, preparers or importers of controlled products to notify their activities to the UK authority which is UKROFS. They must submit to the specified inspection system.

The Regulation lays down standards for:

  • the labelling and advertising of an organic product;
  • organic production itself;
  • the inspection system;
  • imports from third countries; and movement within the EU;

For producers this ensures that standards are unified across the community. It sets up regular independent monitoring procedures and ensures that only those producers who comply with set standards can market their produce under the organic name.

The Annexes deals with the principles of organic farming at farm level. It sets out details of inspection bodies, ensures that the fertility and biological activity of the soil is maintained or increased and gives information on the methods allowable for pest and disease control.

Anexes I and III were amended in 1992 (1535/92). Annex 1 now permits animals to be raised in accordance with existing national rules, or where these are absent, according to internationally accepted practices. Amendments to Annex III concerned text clarifications. A second amended was also released in 1992 (2083/92) where by changes were made to the regulations dealing with imports from third countries. See also regulations on imports from third countries EEC 94/92 and the inspection regulations.

The 1994 amendment (468/94) added further natural substances to the list of those which can be included as ingredients or used during production of organic products under, in some cases, specific conditions. For example sodium carbonate can be used in the production of sugar.

Further amendments, and additions to lists have been made since the introduction of this directive. It is advisable to consult the latest version before making any decisions based on this text..

Pertinence to Agriculture: Food Production

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