Animal By-Products Regulations

Applies to England

Title: Animal By-Products Regulations

Category: England Regulation

Date: 2003

Reference: SI 2003/1482 [Full text] Also see DEFRA Guidance Note

General Description:

These Regulations make provision in England for the administration and enforcement of Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 October 2002 laying down health rules concerning animal by-products not intended for human consumption (OJ No. L273, 10.10.2002, p1.) ("the Community Regulation").   They revoke the Animal By-Products Order 1999, S.I. 1999/646, and the Animal By-Products (Amendment) Order 2001, S.I. 2001/1704.  The main objective of the regulations are to revamp veterinary legislation and ensure a high level of protection of animal and public health and includes rules on new disposal options such as transformation of materials into biogas.  Only animal material declared fit for human consumption following veterinary inspection may be used for animal feed.  Swill feeding (catering waste) is banned for farm animals except for those produced for fur.  The Regulation also prohibits 'cannabilism' within species. 

Animal by-products are defined as "carcases or parts of animals (including poultry and fish), or products of animal origin not intended for direct human consumption, with the exception of excreta and catering waste".  The Regulation classifies animal by-products into three catagories based on their potential risk to animals, the public or the environment and sets out how each category must or may be disposed of.  High-risk Category 1 materials (animal by-products presenting a risk related to a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy or a risk related to the presence of residues of prohibited substances used illegally (i.e. hormone used for growth promotion) or residues of environmental contaminants (i.e. dioxins and PCB's)) must be completely disposed of as waste by incineration or landfilling after appropriate heat treatment.  Lower risk Category 2 materials (animal by-products presenting a risk related to animal diseases other than TSEs (i.e. animals which have died on the farm or were killed in the context of disease control measures on the farm), animal by-products presenting a risk of residues from veterinary drugs, manure, digestive tract contents and slaughterhouse water treatment waste) may be recycled for uses other than feed, for example, biogas, composting and oleo-chemical products after appropriate treatment.  Category 3 materials (products derived from healthy animals slaughtered for human consumption and having passed a health inspection, fish caught in the open sea, milk from healthy animals) may be used in the production of animal feeds. 

The Regulation also contains provisions imposing a separation of these three types of animal materials streams during collection, transport, storage and processing and imposes a reliable identification and registration system of the final products.

Pertinence to Agriculture: Animal By-products, Produce, Carcase disposal, Knackers

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