Animal By-Products Order

Applies to Wales

Title: Animal By-Products Order

Category: Wales Law. (In England this legislation has been replaced by the Animal By-Products Regulations and in Scotland by the Animal By-products (Scotland) Regulations)

Date: 1999 (amended 2001)

Reference: SI 1999/646 [Full text] (2001/1735 [Full text])

General Description:

This legislation replaced previous animal by-products legislation (SI 1992/3303, 1996/827, 1997/2894), but is now only applicable in Wales.

Animal by-products are defined as "carcases or parts of animals (including poultry and fish), or products of animal origin not intended for direct human consumption, with the exception of excreta and catering waste". The Order distinguishes between mammalian and non-mammalian animal by-products, and between high risk by-products (eg fallen stock or diseased animals) and low risk by-products (eg slaughterhouse waste which is fit for human consumption).

It is important for public and animal health that animal remains are disposed of safely. This Order seeks to consolidate the rules on the processing and disposal of animal by-products and the processing of catering waste intended for feeding to pigs and poultry.

This Order revokes and replaces the Diseases of Animals (Waste Food) Order 1973 as amended, the Processed Animal Protein Order 1989 and the Animal By-Products Order 1992 as amended.  The main change proposed by the Order is to make a clear distinction between animal by-products and catering waste. If processed for feeding to livestock, all animal by-products would have to be cooked to the standards established by EC legislation, while catering waste may continue to be cooked to the standards established by the Diseases of Animals (Waste Food) Order 1973.

The Animal By-Products Order 1999 came into force on 1 April 1999.   It reflects the EC provisions on burial, and prevents the burial of raw animal by-products unless they are in a place where access is difficult, or the quantity of material and the distance to approved rendering premises or an incinerator do not justify transporting it, or in exceptional circumstances of disease. The aim was to prevent the use of landfill for the disposal of large quantities of slaughterhouse waste, while continuing to permit the burial of small quantities of, for example, butchers' waste and fallen stock on-farm.

The Order requires that animal by-products be disposed of, without undue delay, by:

  • rendering in approved premises. The Order sets construction and operational standards for such premises. It also requires the approval of premises from which liquid rendered material (swill) is consigned or on which it is fed to pigs or poultry.
  • incineration.  
  • in certain, specified, circumstances, burning or burial.
  • use for scientific purposes.
  • for low risk material only, use for the production of pet food, pharmaceutical or technical products. The Order requires such premises to be registered and to have suitable facilities for the disposal of unused or waste material.
  • for low risk material and certain types of high risk material, treatment at a knacker's yard or at hunt kennels, maggot farms and similar premises. The Order sets construction and operational standards for approved knackers' yards and the standards to which knackers must process by-products for use as pet food. It also requires hunt kennels and similar premises to be registered.
  • export from Great Britain. 

Pertinence to Agriculture: Animal By-products, Produce, Carcase Disposal, Knackers

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