Chickens for Meat & Breeding (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock (PB7275)

Automatic or Mechanical Equipment

Farmed Animals (England) Regulations 2000 (S.I. 2000 No. 1870) states that:

- All automated or mechanical equipment essential for the health and well-being of the animals shall be inspected at least once a day to check that there is no defect in it.

Schedule 1, paragraph 19 states that:

- Where defects in automated or mechanical equipment of the type referred to in paragraph 18 are discovered, these shall be rectified immediately, or if this is impossible, appropriate steps shall be taken to safeguard the health and well-being of the animals pending the rectification of such defects including the use of alternative methods of feeding and watering and methods of providing and maintaining a satisfactory environment.

On artificial ventilation systems, Schedule 1, paragraph 20 states that where the health and well-being of the animals is dependent on an artificial ventilation system:

(a) provision shall be made for an appropriate back-up system to guarantee sufficient air renewal to preserve the health and well-being of the animals in the event of failure of the system, and

(b) an alarm system (which will operate even if the principal electricity supply to it has failed) shall be provided to give warning of any failure of the system.


Schedule 1, paragraph 21 states that:

- The back-up system referred to in paragraph

(a) shall be thoroughly inspected and the alarm system referred to in paragraph 20(b) of Schedule 1 shall be tested at least once every seven days in order to check that there is no defect in the system and, if any defect is found (whether when the system is being inspected or  tested in accordance with this paragraph or at any other time) it shall be rectified immediately.



All equipment and services, including feed hoppers, feed chain and delivery systems, drinkers, ventilating fans, heating and lighting units, fire extinguishers and alarm systems, should be cleaned and inspected regularly and kept in good working order.


Ventilation, heating, lighting, feeding, watering and all other equipment or electrical installation should be designed, sited and installed so as to avoid risk of injuring the birds.


All equipment should be constructed and maintained in such a way as to avoid subjecting the birds to excessive noise.


All automated equipment upon which the birds welfare is dependent, must incorporate a fail safe and/or standby device and an alarm system to warn the flockkeeper of failure. Defects should be rectified immediately or other measures taken to safeguard the health and welfare of the birds. Alternative ways of feeding and of maintaining a satisfactory environment should therefore be ready for use.

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