Laying Hens (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock (PB7274)

Appendix


References

For labelling purposes only, Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1274/91 (OJ No L 121 of 16.5.91) as amended, requires that poultry enterprises must comply with the following minimum criteria in order to mark their small egg packs with the terms shown:

(a)Free range eggs must be produced in poultry establishments which satisfy at least the conditions specified in Article 4 of Directive 1999/74/EC with effect from the dates referred to in that Article and in which:

- hens have continuous daytime access to open-air runs, except in cases of temporary restrictions imposed by veterinary authorities;
- the open-air runs to which hens have access is mainly covered with vegetation and not used for other purposes except for orchards, woodland and livestock grazing if the latter is authorised by the competent authorities;
- the open-air runs must at least satisfy the conditions specified in Article 4 (1) (3) (b) (ii) of Directive 1999/74/EC whereby the maximum stocking density is not greater than 2,500 hens per hectare of ground available to the hens or one hen per 4m2 at all times and the runs are not extending beyond a radius of 150m from the nearest pophole of the building; an  extension of up to 350m from the nearest pophole is permissible provided that a sufficient number of shelters and drinking troughs within the meaning of that provision are evenly distributed throughout the whole open-air run with at least four shelters per hectare

(b)Barn eggs must be produced in poultry establishments which satisfy at least the conditions specified in Article 4 of Directive 1999/74/EC with effect from the dates referred to in that Article.

(c)Eggs from caged hens must be produced in poultry establishments which satisfy at least:

- the conditions specified in Directive 88/166/EEC until 31.12.2002;
- the conditions specified in Article 5 of Directive 1999/74/EC as from 1.1.2003 until 31.12.2011, or:
- the conditions specified in Article 6 of Directive 1999/74/EC as from 1.1.2002.


Useful publications

 

Publications Available from DEFRA

PB No.

Title

0621

Farm Fires: Advice on Farm Animal Welfare

1147

Emergencies on Livestock Farms

10543

Heat Stress in Poultry: solving the problem

1739

Poultry Litter Management

2594

Explanatory Guide to the Welfare of Animals (Slaughter or Killing) Regulations 1995

2630

Code of Practice for the Prevention of Rodent Infestation in Poultry Flocks

3476

Welfare of Poultry at Slaughter: A Pocket Guide

3724

Guide to Alleviation of Thermal Stress in Poultry in Lairage

6490

The Welfare of Hens in Free Range Systems

1435

A Guide to the Poultry Breeding Flocks and Hatcheries Order 1993

 

Copies of the above publications can be obtained, free of charge, from: -

DEFRA Publications, Admail 6000 , London, SW1A 2XX
Telephone Orders (for free publications) 0845 955 6000, Telephone Enquiries: 0845 955 6000, Email: defra@iforcegroup.com, Website: http://www.defra.gov.uk

These publications are updated on a regular basis; for more information on the most current versions and new literature please contact DEFRAs Animal Welfare Division on 020 7904 6512.

Copies of the legislation quoted in the Code are available from The Stationery Office:

TSO Publications Centre, PO Box 29 , Norwich NR3 1GN, Telephone orders: 0870 600 5522, Email: book.enquiries@theso.co.uk, Website: http://www.clicktso.com


Further Information

Other useful information can be found in:

  • Joint Industry Welfare Guide to the Handling of End of Lay Hens and Breeders.
  • The Humane Slaughter Associations Booklet: The Practical Slaughter of Poultry A Guide for the Small Producer ISBN number 1 871561 167.

Available from  www.defra.gov.uk/foodrin/poultry:

  • Explanatory leaflet on the EC egg marketing standards regulations,   Explanatory Leaflet EMR 1)
  • Explanatory leaflet on the production methods for eggs marketed under the special marketing terms  (Explanatory Leaflet EMR 14)

Available from www.defra.gov.uk/foodrin/poultry or www.europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/lif/index.html:

  • Consolidated version of Commission Regulation (EEC) No. 1274/91 (OJ No L 121 of 16.5.1991) as amended

If you would like any further information or advice relating to this code please contact DEFRAs Animal Welfare Division on 020 7904 6512

DEFRA (Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs). Further copies of this publication are available from : Defra Publications, Admail 6000, London, SW1A 2XX, Tel: 0845 955 600.
(C) Crown Copyright July 2002, PB7274.
Reproduced for ADLib under Licence February 2004.

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