Ducks (England): Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock (PB0079)

Management

General

41. Frequent inspection of the stock is essential because the condition and reactions of the birds are the main guides to their welfare. An inspection must be made at least daily (4) in addition to the looking-over which birds receive during routine management work (see also paragraphs 15 and 30). Injured or dead birds should be removed promptly, as should individual sick birds.
42. It is desirable to establish a regular work routine. Care should be taken not to frighten the birds with sudden unaccustomed movement or noise, but without placing too much emphasis on quietness.
43. Adequate control measures should be taken to protect the birds from disturbance by foxes, rodents and other animals.
44. Mouldy litter should not be used. There should be frequent checks to ensure that litter does not become excessively wet or dry, or infested with mites or other harmful organisms.
45. Premises and equipment should be regularly cleansed. Thorough disinfection should be carried out at suitable times (for example, before restocking) to reduce the danger of continuing infection.
46. Vaccinations, injections and similar procedures should be undertaken by competent, trained operators. Care should be taken to avoid injury and unnecessary disturbance of the ducks.

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